Topic 2 The 10 Principles of the UN Global Compact

The UN Global Compact’s 10 principles in the areas of human rights, labour, the environment and anti-corruption enjoy universal consensus and are derived from:

  • The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
  • The International Labour Organization’s Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work
  • The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development
  • The United Nations Convention Against Corruption UNGC (2021)

Human Rights

Principle 1: Businesses should support and respect the protection of internationally proclaimed human rights; UNGC (2021a)

and Principle 2: make sure that they are not complicit in human rights abuses. UNGC (2021b)


Principle 3: Businesses should uphold the freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining UNGC (2021c);

Principle 4: the elimination of all forms of forced and compulsory labour UNGC (2021d);

Principle 5: the effective abolition of child labour UNGC (2021e); and

Principle 6: the elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation UNGC (2021f).


Principle 7: Businesses should support a precautionary approach to environmental challenges UNGC (2021g);

Principle 8: undertake initiatives to promote greater environmental responsibility UNGC (2021h); and

Principle 9: encourage the development and diffusion of environmentally friendly technologies UNGC (2021i).


Principle 10: Businesses should work against corruption in all its forms, including extortion and bribery UNGC (2021j).

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